The complex endorsement is relatively easy to obtain, yet affords a pilot the ability to fly a wider range of aircraft. A complex aircraft is defined as any aircraft that possesses flaps, retractable landing gear and constant speed propeller(s). Unlike other certificates and ratings, the complex endorsement is conveyed solely by a Certified Flight Instructor.


Can operate aircraft with flaps, retractable landing gear and constant speed propeller(s)


The complex endorsement must be added to a certificate and therefore, the candidate must hold at least a private pilot certificate. There are no time requirements associated with a complex endorsement, but the candidate must exhibit complete competence in the operation of a complex aircraft. Upon the demonstration of proficiency, the Certified Flight Instructor will award the candidate the complex endorsement.